Approximately 4 in 10 adults have high blood pressure, which often goes undiagnosed. It is the number 1 cause of stroke and heart failure and the number 2 cause of heart attack. Living a healthy lifestyle can help keep your blood pressure in a healthy range and reduce your risk of high blood pressure-related health problems in the future. Here are 6 ways to prevent hypertension:
Maintain a Healthy Weight. People who are overweight should try to lose weight, and people of normal weight should focus on maintaining. If you are overweight, losing as little as 10 pounds can help prevent high blood pressure.
Eat a Balanced Diet. Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables, especially those rich in potassium, can help keep your blood pressure under control. Also, make sure to limit your intake of excess calories, fat and sugar.
Cut Back on Salt. For many people, eating a low-sodium diet can help keep blood pressure normal. You can cut back on salt by avoiding high-sodium packaged and processed foods and not adding extra salt to meals.
Exercise Regularly. Physical activity is crucial for preventing hypertension. The more exercise you get, the better, but even a little bit can help.
Limit alcohol. Drinking too much alcohol can raise your blood pressure. Men should have no more than 2 drinks per day, and only 1 for women.
Monitor Your Blood Pressure. Make sure that you have your blood pressure checked regularly. High blood pressure often occurs with no symptoms, so only blood pressure readings will tell you if your blood pressure is on the rise.